Found 842 documents.

Narrow shoulders

Publication/article
Published: 2016 (European Commission): Loenis, B.; Schermers, G.; Petegem, J.W.H. van
Tags: Infrastructure, Policy, International,
A road shoulder is that section of roadway immediately adjacent to the travel lane. The shoulder can be surfaced or unsurfaced. The lack of adequate shoulder width has been identified as a risk...

Traffic rule violations - Red light running

Publication/article
Published: 2017 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch; Schagen, I. van
Tags: Policy, Human behaviour in traffic, International,
Red light running is a risky traffic violation leading to traffic conflicts at intersections that may result very serious injury. Crashes related to red light running compose a substantial part of...

Diseases and Disorders - Diabetes

Publication/article
Published: 2016 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch; Schagen, I. van
Tags: Risks, Policy, International,
This synopsis discusses the effect of diabetes on road safety. Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterised by defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Studies...

Personal Factors - Sensation seeking

Publication/article
Published: 2016 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch; Schagen, I. van
Tags: Policy, Human behaviour in traffic, International,
Sensation seeking is a personality trait that steers people at “varied, novel, complex and intense sensations and experiences” and at “accepting the physical, social, legal, and financial risks for...

Increasing traffic fines

Publication/article
Published: 2017 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch.
Tags: Policy, Enforcement, International,
Penalties for traffic violations, e.g. in the form of fines, are part of the traffic law enforcement chain. According to deterrence theory, a sufficiently high chance of detection of a violation and...

Driving hours and rest time / hours of service regulations for commercial drivers

Publication/article
Published: 2017 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch.
Tags: Policy, Human behaviour in traffic, International,
‘Driving hour and rest time’ or ‘hours of service’ (HOS) regulations are regulations that limit when and for how long drivers of commercial goods or passenger vehicles are allowed to drive and/or...

Demerit point systems

Publication/article
Published: 2017 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch.
Tags: Policy, Human behaviour in traffic, Enforcement, International,
With a demerit point system, demerit points are meted out to traffic offenders in addition to the normal penalty. Generally, more demerit points are meted out when the offence is more serious. If a...

Red light cameras

Publication/article
Published: 2017 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch.
Tags: Policy, Human behaviour in traffic, Enforcement, International,
Red light cameras (RLCs) are one of several possible countermeasures against red light running. Red light running is a risky traffic violation since it is associated with very serious, high injury...

Licence suspension

Publication/article
Published: 2017 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch.
Tags: Policy, Human behaviour in traffic, Enforcement, International,
In most countries, a licence suspension means a temporary withdrawal of the privilege to drive a motorised vehicle. Most often after a fixed period of time and after fulfilling certain conditions (e... Read more

School zones

Publication/article
Published: 2017 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch.; Schermers, G.
Tags: Infrastructure, Policy, International,
A school zone refers to a road area near a road traffic network around a school that has a likely presence of (young) pedestrians. In general, school zones have a reduced speed limit during certain...