Found 50 documents.

Increasing traffic fines

Publication/article
Published: 2017 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch.
Tags: Policy, Enforcement, International,
Penalties for traffic violations, e.g. in the form of fines, are part of the traffic law enforcement chain. According to deterrence theory, a sufficiently high chance of detection of a violation and...

Driving hours and rest time / hours of service regulations for commercial drivers

Publication/article
Published: 2017 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch.
Tags: Policy, Human behaviour in traffic, International,
‘Driving hour and rest time’ or ‘hours of service’ (HOS) regulations are regulations that limit when and for how long drivers of commercial goods or passenger vehicles are allowed to drive and/or...

Demerit point systems

Publication/article
Published: 2017 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch.
Tags: Policy, Human behaviour in traffic, Enforcement, International,
With a demerit point system, demerit points are meted out to traffic offenders in addition to the normal penalty. Generally, more demerit points are meted out when the offence is more serious. If a...

Red light cameras

Publication/article
Published: 2017 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch.
Tags: Policy, Human behaviour in traffic, Enforcement, International,
Red light cameras (RLCs) are one of several possible countermeasures against red light running. Red light running is a risky traffic violation since it is associated with very serious, high injury...

Licence suspension

Publication/article
Published: 2017 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch.
Tags: Policy, Human behaviour in traffic, Enforcement, International,
In most countries, a licence suspension means a temporary withdrawal of the privilege to drive a motorised vehicle. Most often after a fixed period of time and after fulfilling certain conditions (e... Read more

School zones

Publication/article
Published: 2017 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch.; Schermers, G.
Tags: Infrastructure, Policy, International,
A school zone refers to a road area near a road traffic network around a school that has a likely presence of (young) pedestrians. In general, school zones have a reduced speed limit during certain...

Creation of bypass roads

Publication/article
Published: 2017 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch.; Schermers, G.
Tags: Infrastructure, Policy, International,
International studies indicate that the installation of a bypass road, which leads non-local (through) traffic around a town or business district, reduces traffic accident rates on both the new and...

Increase number of lanes

Publication/article
Published: 2017 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch.; Schermers, G.; Loenis, B.
Tags: Infrastructure, Policy, International,
The number of lanes is an element of the cross-section of a road. It is determined by expected traffic volumes, traffic composition and design speed. Conversions to a higher number of lanes have...

Increase lane width

Publication/article
Published: 2017 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch.; Schermers, G.; Loenis, B.
Tags: Infrastructure, Policy, International,
Lane width is one of several important variables of the cross-sectional road design. Cross sectional elements such as lane and shoulder width vary depending on roadway function, traffic volume, and...

First aid training for drivers

Publication/article
Published: 2017 (European Commission): Goldenbeld, Ch.; Weijermars, W.
Tags: Risks, Human behaviour in traffic, International,
In various European countries, first aid training is obligatory for commercial drivers and in some countries for all drivers. First aid from bystanders may reduce the likelihood of death after a road...