New urban mobility: usage of bike paths

Ambitions with regard to accessibility, environment, health and quality of life do change city traffic. The changes are noticeable in the composition of the traffic, such as more two-wheelers and fewer cars, and in the characteristics of vehicles, for example quieter vehicles and faster two-wheelers. Which effect will these developments have specifically on road safety? How can we, with all kinds of preconditions, exploit positive impact and keep negative effects under control?

This project aims to map out what the pursuit and the achievement of sustainable and healthy accessibility in the city means for road safety. The focus of the study is on the bike path which continuously seems to be getting busier and the vehicles using it more diverse.

Research questions

  1. Which vehicles (electric bikes, mopeds, racing bikes, tricycles, mobility scooters, etc.) make use of the bike path and in what proportion?
  2. What are their physical standard characteristics (width, weight, braking power, stability, maximum speed)?
  3. How do riders behave on the bike path (speed, sway, position on the bike path, ‘wrong-way riding’)?
  4. What are the safety consequences (interactions, conflicts)?

Activities in 2015

IThis study made use of existing data and new data collected in 2015. The new data were collected with the help of cameras at four locations in Amsterdam and four locations in The Hague. Among other things, the research has shown that the vast majority of the bike path users still ride regular bicycles. The results of the study are published in SWOV-report R-2015-21A Urban mobility on the bicycle path; Observations of numbers, characteristics, behaviour and conflicts of users of bike paths.


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Start date: 01 Jan 2015
End date: 31 Dec 2015