News article

Interaction between pedestrians and automated vehicles: A Wizard of Oz experiment

SWOV researchers Palmeiro, van der Kint, Vissers and Hagenzieker published the article 'Interaction between pedestrians and automated vehicles: A Wizard of Oz experiment' in 'Transportation Research'.

Automated vehicles (AVs) will be introduced on public roads in the future, meaning that traditional vehicles and AVs will be sharing the urban space. There is currently little knowledge about the interaction between pedestrians and AVs from the point of view of the pedestrian in a real-life environment.

Pedestrians may not know with which type of vehicle they are interacting, potentially leading to stress and altered crossing decisions. For example, pedestrians may show elevated stress and conservative crossing behavior when the AV driver does not make eye contact and performs a non-driving task instead. It is also possible that pedestrians assume that an AV would always yield (leading to short critical gaps). This study aimed to determine pedestrians’ crossing decisions when interacting with an AV as compared to when interacting with a traditional vehicle.

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Technology & ITS, Human behaviour in traffic